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Pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with mustard gas lung disease: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

TitlePulmonary rehabilitation in patients with mustard gas lung disease: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsMoghadam M.RSedighi, Ghanei M., Kenn K., Hopkinson N.S
JournalTrials
Volume20
Issue1
Pagination132
Date PublishedFeb 14
ISBN Number1745-6215 (Linking)
Accession Number30764860
KeywordsChemical Warfare, Mustard Gas, Pulmonary rehabilitation, randomized controlled trial
Abstract

BACKGROUND: More than 60,000 people have health problems due to chemical weapons exposure during the Iran-Iraq war. Respiratory consequences of mustard gas exposure are common and disabling; medical interventions have limited effect. Patients complain of cough, sputum, breathlessness and exercise limitation. We hypothesized that patients with this condition would benefit from pulmonary rehabilitation. METHODS: We outline the protocol for an assessor-blind, two-armed, parallel-design randomized controlled clinical trial (IRCT2016051127848N1). Sixty patients with respiratory disease due to documented sulfur mustard gas exposure will be randomized to either take part in a 6-week pulmonary rehabilitation programme or receive usual care. Inclusion criteria include forced expiratory volume in 1 second < 80% predicted and Medical Research Council dyspnoea score >/= 3. The primary endpoint will be the change in cycle endurance time at 70% baseline exercise capacity at 6 weeks. Lung function, physical activity, the strength and endurance of the quadriceps muscle, and quality of life will also be compared. Outcomes will be assessed at 6 weeks and 12 months. Health care utilization will also be assessed. DISCUSSION: If the study confirms that rehabilitation is effective for patients with mustard gas lung disease this should prompt provision of the intervention to this patient group. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials, IRCT2016051127848N1 . Registered on 24 May 2016.

URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30764860
DOI10.1186/s13063-019-3180-3
Short TitlePulmonary rehabilitation in patients with mustard gas lung disease: a study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

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