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Successful single treatment with ziv-aflibercept for existing corneal neovascularization following ocular chemical insult in the rabbit model

TitleSuccessful single treatment with ziv-aflibercept for existing corneal neovascularization following ocular chemical insult in the rabbit model
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsGore A., Horwitz V., Cohen M., Gutman H., Cohen L., Gez R., Kadar T., Dachir S.
JournalExp Eye Res
Volume171
Pagination183-191
Date PublishedJun
ISBN Number0014-4835 (Linking)
Accession Number29548928
Keywords*Chemical burn, *Cornea, *Disease Models, Animal, *Neovascularization, *sulfur mustard, *Ziv-aflibercept, Angiogenesis Inhibitors/*therapeutic use, Animals, Bevacizumab/therapeutic use, Burns, Chemical/*drug therapy/etiology/pathology, Chemical Warfare Agents/toxicity, Corneal Neovascularization/chemically induced/*drug therapy/pathology, Eye Burns/*chemically induced/pathology, Female, Mustard Gas/toxicity, Rabbits, Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor/*therapeutic use, Recombinant Fusion Proteins/*therapeutic use, Treatment Outcome, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/antagonists & inhibitors
Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of ziv-aflibercept as a treatment for established corneal neovascularization (NV) and to compare its efficacy to that of bevacizumab following ocular chemical insult of sulfur mustard (SM) in the rabbit model. METHODS: Chemical SM burn was induced in the right eye of NZW rabbits by vapor exposure. Ziv-aflibercept (2mg) was applied once to neovascularized eyes by subconjunctival injection while subconjunctival bevacizumab (5mg) was administered twice a week, for 3 weeks. Non-treated exposed eyes served as a control. A clinical follow-up employed by slit-lamp microscope, was performed up to 12 weeks following exposure and digital photographs of the cornea were taken for measurement of blood vessels length using the image analysis software. Eyes were taken for histological evaluation 2, 4 and 8 weeks following treatment for general morphology and for visualization of NV, using H&E and Masson Trichrome stainings, while conjunctival goblet cell density was determined by PAS staining. RESULTS: Corneal NV developed, starting as early as two weeks after exposure. A single subconjunctival treatment of ziv-aflibercept at 4 weeks post exposure, significantly reduced the extent of existing NV already one week following injection, an effect which lasted for at least 8 weeks following treatment, while NV in the non-treated exposed eyes continued to advance. The extensive reduction in corneal NV in the ziv-aflibercept treated group was confirmed by histological evaluation. Bevacizumab multiple treatment showed a benefit in NV reduction, but to a lesser extent compared to the ziv-aflibercept treatment. Finally, ziv-aflibercept increased the density of conjunctival goblet cells as compared to the exposed non-treated group. CONCLUSIONS: Subconjunctival ziv-aflibercept single treatment presented a highly efficient long-term therapeutic benefit in reducing existing corneal NV, following ocular sulfur mustard exposure. These findings show the robust anti-angiogenic efficacy of ziv-aflibercept and demonstrate the advantage of this treatment over the other anti-angiogenic therapies in ameliorating corneal NV and protecting the ocular surface.

URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29548928
DOI10.1016/j.exer.2018.03.010
Short TitleSuccessful single treatment with ziv-aflibercept for existing corneal neovascularization following ocular chemical insult in the rabbit model

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