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Metabolomics diagnostic approach to mustard airway diseases: a preliminary study

TitleMetabolomics diagnostic approach to mustard airway diseases: a preliminary study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsGhoochani B, Aliannejad R., Oskouie A.A, Rezaei-Tavirani M., Kalantari S., Naseri M.T, Baghban A.A, Parastar H., Aliakbarzadeh G.
JournalIran J Basic Med Sci
Volume21
Issue1
Pagination59-69
Date PublishedJan
ISBN Number2008-3866 (Linking)
Accession Number29372038
KeywordsGc-ms, Metabolomics, Multivariate analysis, NMR spectroscopy, Sulfur Mustard
Abstract

Objectives: This study aims to evaluate combined proton nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H NMR) spectroscopy and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) metabolic profiling approaches, for discriminating between mustard airway diseases (MADs) and healthy controls and for providing biochemical information on this disease. Materials and Methods: In the present study, analysis of serum samples collected from 17 MAD subjects and 12 healthy controls was performed using NMR. Of these subjects, 14 (8 patients and 6 controls) were analyzed by GC-MS. Then, their spectral profiles were subjected to principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares regression discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). Results: A panel of twenty eight metabolite biomarkers was generated for MADs, sixteen NMR-derived metabolites (3-methyl-2-oxovaleric acid, 3-hydroxyisobutyrate, lactic acid, lysine, glutamic acid, proline, hydroxyproline, dimethylamine, creatine, citrulline, choline, acetic acid, acetoacetate, cholesterol, alanine, and lipid (mainly VLDL)) and twelve GC-MS-derived metabolites (threonine, phenylalanine, citric acid, myristic acid, pentadecanoic acid, tyrosine, arachidonic acid, lactic acid, propionic acid, 3-hydroxybutyric acid, linoleic acid, and oleic acid). This composite biomarker panel could effectively discriminate MAD subjects from healthy controls, achieving an area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) values of 1 and 0.79 for NMR and GC-MS, respectively. Conclusion: In the present study, a robust panel of twenty-eight biomarkers for detecting MADs was established. This panel is involved in three metabolic pathways including aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis, arginine, and proline metabolism, and synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies, and could differentiate MAD subjects from healthy controls with a higher accuracy.

URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29372038
DOI10.22038/IJBMS.2017.23792.5982
Short TitleMetabolomics diagnostic approach to mustard airway diseases: a preliminary study

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