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Association of glutathione S-transferase polymorphisms with the severity of mustard lung

TitleAssociation of glutathione S-transferase polymorphisms with the severity of mustard lung
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsDastjerdi A.H, Behboudi H., Kianmehr Z., Taravati A., Naghizadeh M.M, S. Ardestani K, Ghazanfari T.
JournalBioimpacts
Volume7
Issue4
Pagination255-261
ISBN Number2228-5652 (Linking)
Accession Number29435433
KeywordsGlutathione S-transferase, GSTM1 null genotype, mustard lung, POLYMORPHISM, Pulmonary complications
Abstract

Introduction: Glutathione S-transferase (GST) is one of the major detoxifiers in alveoli. Polymorphism in GST genes can influence the ability of individuals to suppress oxidative stress and inflammation. The present study was aimed to explore the hypothesis that the genetic polymorphisms of GST T1, M1 and P1 are associated with the severity of the mustard lung in the sulfur mustard-exposed individuals. Methods: Blood samples were taken from 185 sulfur mustard-exposed and 57 unexposed subjects. According to the stage of the mustard lung, sulfur mustard-exposed patients were categorized in the mild/moderate and severe/very severe groups. A multiplex PCR method was conducted to identify GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes. To determine the polymorphisms of GSTP1 in exon 5 (Ile105Val) and exon 6 (Ala114Val), RFLP-PCR method was performed. Results: The frequency of GSTM1 homozygous deletion was significantly higher in the severe/very severe patients compared with the mild/moderate subjects (66.3% vs. 48%, P = 0.013). The GSTM1 null genotype was associated with the severity of mustard lung (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 2.257; 95% CI, 1.219-4.180). There was no significant association between GSTT1 and GSTP1 polymorphisms with the severity of the mustard lung. Conclusion: The different distribution of GSTM1 null genotype in severe/very severe and mild/moderate groups indicated that the severity of the mustard lung might be associated with the genetic polymorphism(s).

URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29435433
DOI10.15171/bi.2017.30
Short TitleAssociation of glutathione S-transferase polymorphisms with the severity of mustard lung

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