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Metal-organic frameworks for the removal of toxic industrial chemicals and chemical warfare agents

TitleMetal-organic frameworks for the removal of toxic industrial chemicals and chemical warfare agents
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsBobbitt N.S, Mendonca M.L, Howarth A.J, Islamoglu T., Hupp J.T, Farha O.K, Snurr R.Q
JournalChem Soc Rev
Volume46
Issue11
Pagination3357-3385
Date PublishedJun 6
ISBN Number0306-0012 (Linking)
Accession Number28345694
Abstract

Owing to the vast diversity of linkers, nodes, and topologies, metal-organic frameworks can be tailored for specific tasks, such as chemical separations or catalysis. Accordingly, these materials have attracted significant interest for capture and/or detoxification of toxic industrial chemicals and chemical warfare agents. In this paper, we review recent experimental and computational work pertaining to the capture of several industrially-relevant toxic chemicals, including NH3, SO2, NO2, H2S, and some volatile organic compounds, with particular emphasis on the challenging issue of designing materials that selectively adsorb these chemicals in the presence of water. We also examine recent research on the capture and catalytic degradation of chemical warfare agents such as sarin and sulfur mustard using metal-organic frameworks.

URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28345694
DOI10.1039/c7cs00108h
Short TitleMetal-organic frameworks for the removal of toxic industrial chemicals and chemical warfare agents

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