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Sulfur Mustard Exposure and Non-Ischemic Central Retinal Vein Occlusion

TitleSulfur Mustard Exposure and Non-Ischemic Central Retinal Vein Occlusion
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsShoeibi N., Balali-Mood M., Abrishami M.
JournalIran J Med Sci
Volume41
Issue1
Pagination59-63
Date PublishedJan
ISBN Number0253-0716 (Linking)
Accession Number26722147
KeywordsCentral retinal vein occlusion, Iran, Retina, Sulfur Mustard, Visual loss
Abstract

A 41-year-old man was referred with a complaint of visual loss in his left eye and his best corrected visual acuity was 20/80. Slit lamp examination showed arborizing conjunctival vessels and dry eye. Fundus examination and fluorescein angiography revealed a non-ischemic central retinal vein occlusion. Cardiovascular, rheumatologic, and hematologic work up showed no abnormal findings. An ascertained history of exposure to sulfur mustard during the Iran-Iraq war was documented in his medical history. Four sessions of intravitreal bevacizumab injections were done as needed. After two-year follow-up, visual acuity in his left eye improved to 20/25 and macular edema was resolved without any need for further interventions. We conclude that sulfur mustard gas exposure may be considered as a predisposing factor for central retinal vein occlusion, as was found in our patient (an Iranian war veteran) by excluding all yet known etiologies and predisposing factors.

URLhttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26722147
Short TitleSulfur Mustard Exposure and Non-Ischemic Central Retinal Vein Occlusion

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