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Mass spectrometric characterization of sulfur vesicant hydrolysis products

TitleMass spectrometric characterization of sulfur vesicant hydrolysis products
Publication TypeReport
Year of Publication1993
AuthorsD'Agostino P.A., Provost L.R.
Series TitlePentagon Reports
Pagination27
InstitutionDefence Research Establishment
CitySuffield Ralston, Alberta, Canada
ISBN NumberA663462
KeywordsAMMONIA, CHAINS, Chemical agents, DETECTION, ETHERS, GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY, Hydrolysis, Mass Spectrometry, METHYL RADICALS, MOLECULAR IONS, MUSTARD AGENTS, SULFIDES, Sulfur, VESICANT
Abstract

Capillary column GC-MS and GC-MS/MS, under EI and ammonia CI conditions, were used to detect and identify longer chain sulfur vesicant hydrolysis products. Interpretation of the MS data enabled the characterization of the partial and fully hydrolysed products of 2-chloroethyl (2-chloroethoxy) ethyl sulfide, sesquimustard and bis(2-chloroethylthio)ethyl ether before and after trimethylsilyl derivatization. EI data was generally lacking in significant molecular ion information while that obtained during ammonia CI contained valuable (M+H)(+) and/or (M+NH4)(+) molecular ion information.... Military chemical agents, Chemical agent detection, Mustard, Gas chromatography, Mass spectrometry, Tandem mass spectrometry.

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